Entries tagged “comics.”

Letters to Sergio

Sergio Aragonés is my favorite cartoonist and creator of my favorite comic book series, Groo the Wanderer. I’ve been a fan ever since I found a second-hand copy of In MAD We Trust!, and quickly fell in love with the spontaneity, wit and inventiveness of his work. It’s just so effortlessly hilarious.

A gaggle of Groos greet Sergio at Comic-Con 2007. (That’s my dad and I front and center!)

 Today is Sergio’s birthday, so I thought I’d share a letter of mine that saw print in issue 11 of Sergio Aragonés Funnies a few months back:

Dear Sergio,

As a longtime fan of your work, I can’t overstate what a treat it is to read each and every issue of Funnies. Your pantomime gags, Plop!-esque vignettes and delightfully jam-packed puzzles crack me up without fail, but the autobiographical stories are by far my favorite feature. It’s fascinating (and a lot of fun) to read accounts of your amazing life experiences, each bursting at the seams with your signature expressiveness, hilarity and warmth.

Your work continues to entertain and inspire me, and this comic is a treasure. Thank you for drawing it!

Your pal,
Tyler Sticka
Portland, OR

 This is actually my second letter printed in a Sergio comic. The first was six years ago in issue two of the Groo miniseries, Hell on Earth. It was a tad less reverent:

Dear Groo Crew,

Thank you for allowing me the fantastic opportunity to meet almost all of you at the 2007 Comic-Con in celebration of Groo’s twenty-fifth anniversary. Sergio’s my cartooning idol, and it was amazing to show him in-person the Groo illustration I did for the souvenir book.

More importantly, I’d like to thank you for returning to this character after such a long absence. Not because I enjoy reading his adventures and laughing out loud every issue; surely you’re all too bright to buy that sort of half-hearted line of transparent compliments. No sirs, I’m thanking you for providing the structure my life so desperately needs and, up until recently, the gourd-nosed one so diligently provided.

You see, earlier this year I tracked down the last Groo comic I needed. I had all of them, every story, in English. The pursuit of this goal had taken me through all the ups and downs of childhood, adolescence, and adulthood (the latter term applied loosely given the fact that I still read comic books). As my initial excitement for this accomplishment waned, I found myself grasping for some sort of permanence and, having been abandoned by the pursuit of the last telling of that first joke, I spiraled into an abyss of disappointment and shame. Where once I was a wildly successful millionaire philanthropist with the world at my fingertips, my motivation now dissolved until I found my only professional pursuit to be that most deplorable of occupations: cartoonist. My mental state also worsened, as I complained to my psychotherapist of strange urges to change my name “Gary Grossman” and start hunting for copies of Groo in Tahiti.

But now, Groo is coming back! Normalcy will be restored and my life will regain balance. Perhaps soon I’ll finally land that much more respectable job as a puppy fur broker, maybe even move out of this box (which is already snug due to all the Groo comics). Thank you Sergio, Mark, Stan and Tom for answering my prayers.

Gradually stabilizing,
Tyler Sticka

P.S. You’ll be receiving an invoice for the sum total of psychiatric bills incurred as a result of your elongated “break.”

(You’ll have to track down that issue to read Mark Evanier’s response.)

Here’s the artwork that was published in that year’s black-and-white Comic-Con souvenir book:

I met Sergio at the convention. He was very nice and extremely encouraging, which explains my record-breaking grin in this photo:

There’s a brand-new Groo miniseries in publication right now that pits the titular swordsman against the legendary Conan (the barbarian, not the talk-show host). It’s available digitally or at a comic shop near you (if you’re in the Portland area, my favorites are Excalibur and Floating World).

Feliz Cumpleaños, Sergio! Thanks again for so many laughs!

Marvel (Mostly) Unlimited

I’ve been an ardent comic book reader my entire life, but only recently did I begin to shift my monthly comic book habit from print publications to digital. Several factors influenced that decision, among them the availability of the Marvel Unlimited app for iPad.

 My taste in comics is somewhat eclectic, but I’ve been a Marvel fan since the 60s… or at least, it feels that way! Used paperbacks of early Fantastic Four and Spider-Man adventures were my first exposure to superheroes, and it would be years before I realized those stories were decades old. I remember being surprised and disheartened to discover the enormity of each character’s expansive saga. It seemed an impossible task to collect — let alone read — any of these series in their entirety.

Fast-forward to today, and I’ve got affordable, unfettered access to thousands of Marvel Comics on a device about the same size and weight as a trade paperback. How great is that?!

And it is great! But it could be even better. So I thought I’d share some of my ideas for how the “House of Ideas” could improve the experience.

Here’s the thing, though: I tend to find unsolicited redesigns kind of obnoxious. Many of them offer a barrage of static mockups that throw whole nurseries out with the bathwater, accompanied by condescending text that berates the original designers for their supposed lack of vision, expertise or insight. As Khoi Vinh so aptly put it a few years ago:

…it helps no one — least of all the author of the redesign — to assume the worst about the original source and the people who work hard to maintain and improve it, even though those efforts may seem imperfect from the outside.

The truth is that I really dig this app. I’ve used it to read hundreds of terrific comics. My goal in writing this post is to celebrate the app by critiquing the parts I think could be better. The modest mockups I’ve chosen to include are meant to visualize those ideas succinctly and practically. I encourage you to try the app yourself to see how they compare to the product they’re based on.

So face front, true believers! It’s suggestion time…

13,000 needles in a haystack

The greatest strength of Marvel Unlimited — its size and scope — is also what makes it difficult to traverse. Whether you’re an old-school fanboy or new to comics, you’ll probably have some trouble navigating 75 years’ worth of mostly pre-digital publications.

To help guide otherwise directionless readers, the app’s Home tab features a carousel (a la the App Store or iTunes) with a handful of promotional features:

  1. “Enhanced Features,” which showcases comics with audio and/or video extras. I love geeking out over special features, but they’re rarely my primary reason for reading or watching something.

  2. “Editors’ Picks,” which is easily the weakest of the three. While it currently houses a fine selection of Mark Waid Fantastic Four books, there’s never an explanation as to why. Who is this mysterious editor? Why were these books chosen?

  3. And finally the “Marvel Unlimited Reading Club,” a tie-in with a Marvel podcast and thusly the most helpful and justifiable of the three carousel features. The theme it presents is clear, consistent and usually character-driven. This feature clearly presents both the “what” and the “why.”

Marvel’s franchies are so darn popular these days, there should be plenty of opportunities to connect newfound interest in classic characters to the books (and creators) responsible for their inception. Some hypothetical features I’d devour without hesitation:

I’m sure every fan reading this just thought of a dozen more examples. There’s even a regular Comics Alliance column that attempts to fill this need. But with Marvel’s rich history of Bullpen Bulletins and roster of outspoken and articulate creators, who better to direct and inform?

Flipping through the longbox

Discovery doesn’t end at the home screen. The app’s browsing interface also presents some challenges for the user. You can browse by a few different attributes, you can search (which is more of a filter or dynamic search) the current result set, and you can re-order those results by publication date. Sometimes, this works fine. But often, it’s kind of a headache.

The first challenge is differentiating multiple volumes of the same book. Every comic book fan has that friend or relative who claims they once owned a “Number One” of Spider-Man, not understanding that the most popular series often have multiple volumes (and most of those “first issues” are probably worthless). But who can blame them? It’s confusing!

Marvel Unlimited helps the reader navigate by listing not only the title, but also the publication dates. While this information is helpful, it would benefit greatly from visuals. ComiXology shows thumbnails representative of the general artistic vision for the volume, which helps out a lot while browsing. DRM-free comic readers like YACReader and Comic Zeal leverage cover artwork to achieve the same goal, sidestepping the need for a designer to prepare thumbnails for each and every series. This imagery makes it way easier to differentiate similarly named series:

Once you find the volume you’re looking for, finding the oldest or most recent issue is pretty straightforward. But if you’re interested in something mid-run, like Walter Simonson’s Thor (which begins at issue 337), it’s kind of a slog. You can filter by character, creator or release date, but there’s no easy way to jump to a particular issue. Eventually, you’ll just have to squint at issue numbers as you scroll.

A dedicated search interface could allow me to search for “Thor 337.” Maintaining the filter search field while browsing a series could also help. Another option might be to let users hop between large spans of issues with a tap:

Indulging your inner Taneleer Tivan

My favorite aspect of Marvel Unlimited is that I can “binge-read” comics the same way I might binge-watch a series on Netflix. I can read an issue, then immediately read the next (or save it for later). That’s not just convenient, it’s magical! It changes the way I read comics.

But when I stop reading, those stories fall back to the catalog like grains of sand to the shore. Unlike other iOS comic readers, Marvel Unlimited does not save your progress or reading history (at least not visibly). This makes it difficult to tell where you left off, especially for multi-issue stories.

Slightly altering the appearance of comics you’ve already started or finished would greatly streamline the act of browsing:

Functional benefits aside, these improvements might also give the reader a more tangible sense of accomplishment for completing books, runs or entire series. We could even get a little silly by awarding No-Prizes accordingly, further encouraging exploration of the catalog:

Of all the app’s interfaces, the Library would benefit from visual progress indicators the most. This is the reader’s Netflix-style comics queue, and also where they manage books they’ve downloaded for offline reading (which comes in handy on the train).

Managing the Library can be tricky. While Netflix groups TV shows by season and series, the Library shows all issues individually in a flat list or grid. “Offline” books are shown twice (once in their own section, and once in the main list). To keep track of what you’ve read or to find things quickly, you must manually delete saved issues frequently (or forego the library altogether).

By embracing the aforementioned progress indicators, grouping saved issues by series and eliminating redundancy between online and offline books, the Library could be easier to navigate while requiring far less management on the part of the user:

Never miss an issue

One of the biggest recurring criticisms of Marvel Unlimited are occasional mid-series gaps (understandable, given the sheer size of the catalog). Part of the problem is that these gaps aren’t obvious at first glance. It is far more frustrating to discover them mid-story than it is before you’ve stared reading.

We could sidestep some of this discouragement by highlighting series gaps (in this case clearly the work of Hydra), ideally with the option of being notified when they’re filled:

Notifications would also be a welcome compliment to a series subscription feature. Even as a frequent user and recipient of the service’s weekly email newsletter, I still seem to miss new additions to my favorite series on occasion. I’d love for subscribed series to populate my library automatically.

In a similar vein, it seems odd that I can only jump to the Marvel Comics app by ComiXology to buy à la carte issues when they’re already available to read for free. Why not promote upcoming issues for those series that are just too good to wait for?

Friendly neighborhood designer-man

The most enduringly popular superheroes are those that gracefully endure reinvention while maintaining the core concepts that made them successful in the first place. I’d argue that no one was better or more prolific at creating those sorts of characters than the team of Stan (The Man) Lee and Jack (King) Kirby in their heyday at Marvel. To have instant, affordable access to so much of their oeuvre, and the expansive universe they inspired, is truly astonishing.

But I’m a passionate, opinionated guy who happens to design interfaces for a living. So I can’t help but notice when the reading experience isn’t quite as nice as ComiXology (at least pre-Amazon), Dark Horse Digital or YACReader. This ends up coloring my recommendation of the service in spite of my enthusiasm for its content. I’d love to eighty-six those caveats in the near future.

Whether my suggestions prove to be prophetic or completely off-target, I’m excited to see where the team at Marvel takes the service next. Make Mine Marvel!

I dig Roy Lichtenstein

While in Chicago for Techweek, I made time for three short excursions:

  1. Ate some deep dish pizza while subjecting hapless bar patrons to the next Backabit game.
  2. Finally saw Prometheus in 3-D with Nathan Verrill.
  3. Went to the Roy Lichtenstein retrospective at the Art Institute of Chicago.

Seeing so much of Lichtenstein’s work in person was a thrill. My love of comics and pop culture predisposes me to any twentieth-century art with a healthy sense of satire, and nowhere do I experience that more purely than in Lichtenstein’s painting and sculpture. It’s also been fascinating to see his influence come full circle, evident (intentionally or not) in the work of cartoonists like Mike Allred, Darwyn Cooke and Los Bros Hernandez.

As I explored the exhibit’s 160+ works, I was struck not only by their cleverness, expressiveness and visual impact, but also how they amplified the strengths and limitations of imagery our society takes for granted. From the April 25, 1966 issue of Newsweek:

“The experience of commercial art has given birth to a kind of symbolism,” says Lichtenstein, “and we are unifying the symbols. The products and advertising in popular culture show the impingement of this expedience. Why do you think a hill or a tree is more beautiful than a gas pump? It’s because you’re conditioned to think that way. I am calling attention to the abstract quality of banal images.”

If you’re in Chicago, I highly recommend you check it out. There’s also a beautiful exhibition catalog I couldn’t resist taking home with me. If you’re as weak-willed as I am about purchasing expensive hardcovers, I urge you to avoid flipping through it.

Mosaic confusion and Kindle Panel View

“Mosaic confusion” is a wonderful phrase coined by Megaton Man creator Don Simpson to describe the cognitive dissonance that sometimes occurs in readers unfamiliar with comic books. Some may analyze a mosaic of comic panels as a collection of individual images rather than a deliberate, narrative sequence, attempting to leverage the “scan and select” skills they culled from websites, magazines and newspapers (even the comics section).

When I first saw Comixology‘s Guided View™ reading mode for mobile devices, I assumed it was solely a clever means of squishing traditional comics down to a smaller form factor without sacrificing readability. It wasn’t until I received a Kindle Fire that I realized it also counteracts mosaic confusion by negotiating the panel sequence for the viewer. Equivalent features exist in most iOS comics apps (Dark Horse Digital being a personal favorite of mine).

Amazon debuted their own guided reading mode shortly after the launch of the Fire through an exclusive partnership with DC Comics (which got Barnes & Noble pretty riled up), and it’s quite a bit different. I made a short comparison video to demonstrate:

While Comixology’s Guided View kills two birds with one stone, Kindle Panel View doesn’t alleviate mosaic confusion… in fact, it may exacerbate the problem. The Lightbox-style overlay introduces visual complexity, requiring the reader to parse three layers of depth: the focused panel, a gray overlay and the full page. Because the entire page is always visible and transitions are sparse, the mosaic demands a fresh analysis for each and every panel. I’ve never had to think so hard about the act of reading a comic book before.

The Fire is actually a pretty great device for reading comics on the go. My hope is that Amazon improves Kindle Panel View quickly, or that the DC exclusivity deal ends quickly enough to allow books like Watchmen and Dark Knight Returns to be effortlessly enjoyed via competing apps.

Fragments Comic Anthology Available Now! Proceeds Go to Save the Children

I’m so wicked proud to announce that Fragments (the comic anthology I’ve been organizing to benefit the amazing charity, Save the Children) is finally available for purchase! If you like comics, or if you just like doing something awesome for a good cause, you should purchase a copy.

The book features awesome comics by Tram Ngo, Kristen Bailey, Pav Kovacic, Theodore Taylor and many more. The cover was illustrated by Tony Papesh, with a logo by Marc Roman. It’s thanks to all the contributors that this book exists.

The Fragments web site is the first time I’ve published a site written in HTML5 with liberal use of CSS3. Safari 5 users should notice a cool three-dimensional transform on the cover, accomplished via some CSS Transforms and a bit of JavaScript.

If you don’t have Safari, you can see the effect in this screencast:

A special thanks to everyone who has supported the project by tuning into its progress via Facebook or Twitter. Please continue spreading the word; with your help, this project will be a resounding success.